Transport contracts

Transport contracts between railway undertakings (RU) and VMV

No service without a contract - concluding transport contracts is one of the core tasks of the VMV. In these contracts, the state as client and the RUs as contractors regulate the ordering and financing of local rail transport services.

In order for the local trains to run, the RUs provide their transport services to the desired extent; the state pays them so-called "order fees" for this. The financing basis is the regionalisation funds of the federal government, which are available to all federal states according to a state key.

In 2022, the state will receive regionalisation funds from the federal government amounting to 271.63 million euros. A large part will go to the railway companies operating in the state.

Whereas at the beginning of regionalisation the focus was on concluding "major transport contracts" with DB AG, today it is part of day-to-day business to manage a complex contractual world. In addition to passenger concerns, economic efficiency and legal certainty also determine daily activities.

The contract situation is subject to constant change. Adjustments usually take place at the annual timetable changes in December.

The central legal basis is the applicable EU law. Since 3 December 2009, Regulation (EC) No. 1370/2007 has determined the framework for action. 

On 24.12.2017, a version amended by the amending Regulation (EU) 2016/2338 entered into force. This regulation declares regulated competition as the guiding principle for public passenger transport services on road and rail. The principle of competitive tendering thus also applies to the conclusion of new transport contracts.

Transport contracts between railway undertakings (RU) and VMV

No service without a contract - concluding transport contracts is one of the core tasks of the VMV. In these contracts, the state as client and the RUs as contractors regulate the ordering and financing of local rail transport services.

In order for the local trains to run, the RUs provide their transport services to the desired extent; the state pays them so-called "order fees" for this. The financing basis is the regionalisation funds of the federal government, which are available to all federal states according to a state key.

In 2021, the state will receive regionalisation funds from the federal government amounting to 280.60 million euros. A large part will go to the railway companies operating in the state.

Whereas at the beginning of regionalisation the focus was on concluding "major transport contracts" with DB AG, today it is part of day-to-day business to manage a complex contractual world. In addition to passenger concerns, economic efficiency and legal certainty also determine daily activities.

The contract situation is subject to constant change. Adjustments usually take place at the annual timetable changes in December.

The central legal basis is the applicable EU law. Since 3 December 2009, Regulation (EC) No. 1370/2007 has determined the framework for action. 

On 24.12.2017, a version amended by the amending Regulation (EU) 2016/2338 entered into force. This regulation declares regulated competition as the guiding principle for public passenger transport services on road and rail. The principle of competitive tendering thus also applies to the conclusion of new transport contracts.